【JLPT N3 Grammar】

文法-意味 grammar meaning

V + ほかない / V + ほかありません


If you want to increase your salary, you have no choice but to change jobs.




”~hokanai" is used to say that there is no other way other than to do "~" because no other option is available or can be taken. It is sometimes accompanied by nuances such as "仕方ない".

文法解説】Grammar point



1. どこの大学だいがくにもからなかったので、浪人ろうにんするほかない
Since I did not pass the entrance exam for any university, I had no choice but to become a ronin

*【ronin】 - A person who fails to enroll in college after graduating from high school and is studying to pass the college exam the following year.

【文法解説】Grammar point 2:


2. 自分じぶんたちだけでは解決かいけつできなかったので、先生せんせいたよほかはなかった
We could not solve the problem on our own, so we had no choice but to rely on the teachers.


If you don't have the money, you have no choice but to give up.

接続  formation


V(辞書形) + ほかない 

V + しかない/しかありません
- JLPT N3 Grammar

V + よりほかない
- JLPT N2 Grammar

N しか~ない
- JLPT N4 Grammar

V +ざるを得ない
- JLPT N2 Grammar

例文 example sentences

If you want to lose weight, you have no choice but to exercise.

Since we were not going to meet the deadline, we had no choice but to ask the customer to extend the deadline.

As a child, I had no choice but to give up the idea of owning a pet because my parents did not like animals.

I was interested in the job, but I was too busy and had no choice but to turn it down.

There was nothing he could do for himself, and he had no choice but to wait for help.

Since we don't have enough money, we will have no choice but to ask our parents to lend us money.

At that time, the economy was in recession and we had no choice but to fire employees.

At that time, I had no choice but to give up my dream for the sake of my family.

If you want to get into a good college, you have no choice but to study hard.

The only way to cure this disease is surgery.

If you have any questions about this grammar, please comment below.

-JLPT N3 文法一覧

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